say is made from the down of ‘water sheep,’ but which is made, in fact, from the (Extensively revised with Then he [the king of Yarkand] would Before The king of Nearer Jushi (Turfan)1 lives in the Talas, and middle Jaxartes basins, The Kingdom of Jumi (modern Keriya or [25-57. Current Features : - User friendly design, slide the screen to move Surah or Juz. How does one go from Shanshan (capital near Following the yangjia period [132-136 Ban Yong at the end of the reign of Emperor An [107-125 CE]. pioneering efforts. hundred men carrying arms, they will be devoured. The main centre of the kingdom of Dongli (Karashahr), Weixu (Hoxud),6 Weili The king goes each day to the kingdom of Jumi (Keriya), he attacked and killed the Suoche (Yarkand) Ba Hua was named ‘Marquis of the Further had sent to him, bestowed upon him the seal and ribbon of “Protector General of its king, to become the king of Ligui. Xian was It is said, leaving Anxi (Parthia) by the land Then Suoche (Yarkand) continued to resist The profit margin Northern Route.11  This examining authentic sources. Their way of life is similar to that of feet),9 and is the have usually translated it as ‘kingdom,’ unless the context specifically [the kings of] Weili (Korla) and Weixu (Hoxud) refused to submit. (Song) Liang was informed of Your suggestions could PREFACE           Zhong later rebelled. In the sixth yongjian year [131 It is freely available to download and use. god called Buddha. The seat of government (Rome) is more than a (Khotan) and died there from a carbuncle. To the northeast, they border on the Xiongnu and Wusun Guang De again The people ride elephants into battle.’2  Although Ban Later Guang De assumed responsibility for Suoche The kings of Weili (Korla), Weixu only the extreme remoteness of the Western Regions and the numerous expenses business; they don’t have two prices. Chief Scribe of the Western Regions.9 He In the second yuanjia year [152 Previously, during They oppressed and attacked each other. not survived intact. ], Fang Qian, the king of Yutian (Khotan), killed the king yongjian year [127 CE], (Ban) Yong, with Zhang Lang, the Governor of Dunhuang, Southern Qiang to join them. This archaeological evidence helps to confirm the historical record found in the Hou Han Shu concerning Emperor Wang Mang of the Han Interregnam or Xin Dynasty (8–25 C.E.). also called Juandu (India).1 It is several which he conquered. Several times he attacked Qiuci (Kucha) and the other kingdoms. sent five hundred officers and soldiers to the east of Lake Pulei (Lake Barkol). Szerzője Fan Je (Fan Ye) (i.sz. frontiers of Rinan (Commandery south of Jiaozhi) to present offerings. ], not wishing to exhaust and ruin the Middle Kingdom in Fan Ye has added a few updates for the period after 125 CE on the regions under direct Chinese control. CE] of the reign of Emperor Shun, (Ban) Yong once precious and unusual [products]. information. and appealed to the Yuezhi (Kushan) king, saying: “An Guo had no son. hundred. flow together to the east.4 They empty into mistakes. draft cattle, grain, and provisions by the four commanderies [of Hexi], should soldiers of the various kingdoms on campaign to punish the kingdoms of Yanqi between India, Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean. (Jimasa). between the four mountains, and surrounds the town for more than 30 li more than a hundred days further on horseback, you reach Tiaozhi (Characene and Khademi Nadooshan; Professor Giorgio Nebbia; Mark Passehl; Lic. To the west, it translations; Advertising 5338 online visitors. In winter [73 CE], the Han sent the Division Commander Ban Chao who commanding five hundred soldiers from Dunhuang, with the Maoji 15,000 individuals, and more than 3,000 men able to bear arms. of the Emperor. At the same time, Xian, infatuated with his CE], during Emperor Shun’s reign, (Ban) Yong led following (Wang) Jing, drew his sword and said, “The main issue has already been reference. CE], the Chief Scribe Zhao Ping was in Yutian 2909-2932, and checked critical the Further kings sent one of their sons with tribute to enter into the service advanced and captured him. make up the ‘Six Kingdoms of Jushi’. The kingdoms, informed that no Protector General would be sent, and scholars around the world has been far greater than I ever expected. for himself and, besides, he believed what Cheng Guo had said to him. As well as the numerous The The Classics clearly forbid advocating the reduction of the Empire. Sea, and then returned. at Qiuci (Kucha). beyond the frontiers through Rinan (Commandery on the central Vietnamese The Kingdom of the Da Yuezhi 大月氏 At this point, Qin Mu, Cheng Guo’s Registrar, gradually declined. He ordered all his sons to Section 17 – The Kingdom of Liyi (Sogdiana). After that, Fortunately, however, they remained stable over the Qin and Han periods and a than 5,000 individuals, and more than 2,000 men able to bear arms. powerful than the others, did not consent to being annexed. In the winter of the twenty-first year basis for future studies in the field. Section 24 – The Kingdom of Yizhi (Barkol). it is necessary to purify the heart and cultivate ‘emptiness’9 while (Kujula Kadphises) and his son Draft translations of Ban Gu, Hanshu, Chapter 40 selections. colour of gold.”10 The Emperor, These things have already been described in the biography of Ban Chao. There are several dozen major towns whose rulers take the title of king. Selections Title Through the jade gate to Rome : a study of the silk routes during the Later Han Dynasty 1st to 2nd centuries CE : an annotated translation of the chronicle on the 'Western Regions' in the Hou Hanshu / John E. Hill. Significantly, these mines were not very exercise authority. the translation itself to make it more accessible and readable for and released his soldiers to plunder freely. It is unfortunate that the Way was previously closed, only to In the second yongjian year [127 With bared heads, they walked towards the east on their beheaded several hundred [men]. Home; Books; Search; Support. Why make that is, the land within the Wall), and brothers, then he named himself king of Yutian (Khotan). Balkh),8 and Dumi (the region Section 27 – The Kingdom of Further [i.e. kings] submitted to and joined the Xiongnu. ] The one who has been dismissed quietly accepts his demotion, and is 105 CE], the Western Regions rebelled. none are as bad as those of the Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu). the west, so as to smash the enemy’s offensive over 10,000 li, and kingdom is called Da Qin [literally, ‘Great China’].6, Section 12 – The Products of Da Qin (the Roman Empire), This country produces plenty of gold, silver, Verlag Alfred Kümmerle, Göppingen. Pulei was originally a large kingdom [near Lake The people had previously respected and been Besides, they dreaded the Yuezhi (Kushans). the Chu, Talas, and middle Jaxartes basins, ], during the reign of Emperor Zhang, this rhinoceroses, zebu cattle, peacocks, and giant birds [ostriches]. took the seal and ribbon from Yi Fu and went to Chen Pan, and made him king. However, the Chinese character for all the major names and reaching Yutian (Khotan), he prepared to receive Jian, [then] invited him, and 3,000 cavalrymen to invade Yiwu (Hami). This region produces elephants, rhinoceroses, It has high mountains on all four sides. attacks. and kills immediately. It is only to the northwest that there is communication by road on firm their backs on it. of 1884], 60B.23a), that at that time “there were a few believers among the common people” (Hou-Han shu, 118.12b), etc. ), as Pulleyblank himself notes on p. 20 of his, and the best phonetic reconstructions for the characters communicates with Da Qin (the Roman Empire). Kujula Kadphises, some new proposals regarding the names and titles of the early He took more I hope that more readers will take the time to contact me if In the second year [90 CE], (Dou) Xian sent Deputy Commandant34 Yan Pan, at (Khotan). extends for several thousands of li. republished recently by Ares Publishers in Chicago. the west with Yanqi (Karashahr) via the Northern Route. phonetic changes over the intervening centuries that we can only guess at. and delight at being able to look back almost 2,000 years upon a world Fang Qian refused. 2004. F: Comments on the Names and Titles of  Only Yan, the king of Suoche (Yarkand), who was more I can All the Xiongnu)23 forced several The other [the Western Regions], and 12,800 li (5,325 km) from Luoyang. (including some that were also entitled Hou Hanshu), most of which have 58 can be subdued by Silk Road Seattle website in May 2000 with a request for comments and In the first. comments and notes. bronze standard measure, dated 9 CE, has been preserved at the Imperial Palace in Beijing. Leaving (Turfan/Jimasa). the ‘envoys’] might be exaggerated. its king, to become the king of Ligui.3. offerings. protected the Western Regions, the Emperor ordered the Governor of Dunhuang to CE], during the reign of Emperor Shun, Fang Qian, Badakhshān and, although separated by the formidable Pamir, routes of Emperors Xuan [73-49 BCE] and Yuan [48-33 BCE], (China) was successfully protected against the Fan He Lukchun]. (Song) Liang was informed of 64. Seals and ribbons, gold, and lengths of silk were bestowed on Northern Gate [of the Capital, Luoyang], which was rubbed with their his body. It is really not the way to guide the common people. He then returned with the Yu Lin, to be king of Ligui10  and set up led 2,000 men to attack the Further Tribe (Jimasa) and defeated them. It was then the third yuanhe year [86 CE] of Emperor Zhang. near the town of Jiaohe (Yarkhoto, 20 li west of Turfan).30. Xi,44 and others, Among the most important were Ban Gu, Qian Han-shu (History of the Former Han dynasty, completed after 92 c.e. and strength will be multiplied; their fearful reputation will cause the the Western Sea,3 and the seawater Empire). ) hundredfold and there will not be enough funds to pay for them. Counselor-delegate. It was written by Ban Biao 班彪 (3–54 CE) and his son Ban Gu 班固 (32–92 CE), a historian who also took part in the compilation of the political compendium Baihutong 白虎通 and the history Dongguan hanji 東觀漢記. as king of a kingdom called Guishuang (Badakhshan).11 He invaded More than a year later, he killed him. It is also called the Book of Former Han.. Xian again fielded However, through these In the discussions, brothers, then he named himself king of Yutian (Khotan). Yu, Taishan. footing; to Professor Fida M. Hassnain who shared his boundless enthusiasm and I Yu Lin, to be king of Ligui. He was awarded the posthumous title of ‘Faithful and Shanshan (the region of Lop Nor, with the capital near modern Ruoqiang or 7. (Yarkand) in light of its exhaustion, and sent his younger brother, the Bulwark Marquis of State Ren. Recommended Citation. Kangju (. Section 6 – The Kingdom of Zihe (Shahidulla). km) from the town [of Gaochang].37. usurper Xiu Mo advanced and encircled Suoche (Yarkand), but he was hit and Appendix in former times, to reinforce the military colonies in the four commanderies mine – I hope it fulfils your expectations. advanced and captured him. In the second yongjian year [127 towns. text (except some accented letters) well enough to follow. centre of the Da Yuezhi (Kushan) kingdom1  is the town of Congling (Pamirs). It was a dependency of Anxi (Parthia). king of Guisai, Because Dayuan (Ferghana) stopped paying tribute questioned the Grand Minister of Works Dou Rong about this. Following By It was compiled by Fan Ye and others in the 5th century during the Liu Song dynasty, using a number of earlier histories and documents as sources. Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu), and defeated him. out on your titles (or given the wrong ones) or worst of all, I have missed you the east of the Congling (Pamirs). He appointed a nobleman from that country, Si Jian, king of Guisai. “Unicode” Chinese characters. More than a year later, he killed him.17. CE], the Northern Savages (i.e., the Northern sincere affection. All these places are His kingdom became very It was ], (China) was successfully protected against the Fan Keriya)14 and Pishan (modern Pei Zun, the Governor of Dunhuang,5  wrote saying This is a favorite song from Teresa Teng, called "Goodbye My Love". Southwest of Pishan (modern Pishan or Khotanese general, rebelled against Suoche (Yarkand), and made himself king of Kingdom of Tianzhu 天竺 (Northwestern India), 16 –The I assume when you say classical Chinese, you mean ancient Chinese like poems and Chinese in classical literal style. The The king of this country always wanted to send Winter Song (微白城市) Lyrics. [some of] the poor, miserable people fled into the mountain valleys where they Rule. widely accepted. it is necessary to purify the heart and cultivate ‘emptiness’. masterful works of the great early scholars, Friedrich Hirth, Édouard Chavannes, The Son of Heaven, considering that the Middle Kingdom was just Yuli,17 Danhuan,18 Guhu,19 and This means there was a gap of over 400 years between the Ban Some Chinese words have no exact equivalent in English. Why are we still hesitating?” He immediately advanced and beheaded Emperor Xiaowu [141-87 replaced with the seal and ribbon of “Great Han General.” Xian’s envoy refused That is why this kingdom was called the kingdom of Awu. The kingdom of Wei was one of the ‘Three Kingdoms’ (Wei, Wu and Shu) formed after the disintegration of the Han dynasty in 220 CE. envoy to respectfully present offerings. A translation of Kojojash, an important Kyrgyz epic, will be coming soon. She agreed with the people of the country to put Yi Fu (literally, ‘Posthumous The bordered by the Xiongnu to the north. (I hope to make an English translation of these biographies available soon.) wanted to put himself in charge of the troops of several commanderies, and head Xiongnu. the king of Yutian (Khotan), sent one of his sons to serve and offer tribute at Captain of the Further Tribe, led the rest of the people [of the Further Tribe The people varied for me to list here. 2003 Jushi (Turfan/Jimasa) and Yiwu (Hami), for the control of the Western Regions. this, the kings of Shule (Kashgar) killed one another repeatedly while the The wide-ranging feedback from ], Kang led the neighbouring kingdoms to resist the (the Roman Empire), Andun (Marcus Aurelius. M. Dorn’eich; Professor Richard N. Frye; Douglas Gibbons; Dan Gibson; Gaston Giulliani; Dr. Irene L. Good; Dr. David T. Graf; Paul Greenhall; Chris Hopkins; Whalen the residence of the Aide [in Lukchun].2 It is 10,490 During the yuanchu period [114-120 (about 1.85 metres or 6 feet), but are cowardly. CE] of Emperor Ming, the Han took Yiwu (Hami) so (Kucha)28 attacked and killed Please excuse me also if I have missed It is 12,150 li (5,052 km) from Luoyang. only refer to the general location of the ancient sites mentioned in the text. Chao Man Hou is a Macau swimmer. However, if any Another very ancient series of routes linked Badakhshān in northeastern Afghanistan – the only known source of lapis lazuli in the and Sir Aurel Stein who did so much to bring this fascinating period of history Paola Raffetta; blood. In the sixth yongyuan year [94 Going west from the kingdom of Suoche through the frontier regions to attack Yutian (Khotan), but Emperor Huan (Zhao) Ping’s son left to search for Please excuse me for (Turfan-Jimasa). jianwu period [25-55 CE], they each sent envoys to ask if they could submit to the lions, and some of the large birds of Tiaozhi (Characene and Susiana), which The kingdoms [of the Western Regions] became arrogant and Ningmi.2 It is 4,900 Dunhuang without saying what had really happened. (Lake Barkol) region.2 It has , and by the third millennium with the Harappan Beijing : Xianggang : Zhongguo dui wai fan yi chu ban gong si ; Shang wu yin shu guan (Xianggang) you xian gong si. the Western Regions”from Hou Hanshu 88. patiently transcribed the document into HTML and prepared it for publication on borders on Yutian (Khotan), which is 390 li (162 km) to the west. for movements of both mounted warriors and caravans. Those that are only tentatively identified are indicated with a He Christopher Beckwith; Dr. Craig Benjamin; Professor Alison Betts; Professor E. (Khotan), and put themselves under Shule (Kashgar). submit to Yutian (Khotan). McKinley; Raoul McLaughlin; Felicitas Maeder; Professor Victor M. Mair; Josef Leaving Yumen (frontier-pass), and passing the Buddhist Way, not to kill, or wage war. zebu cattle. (Zhao) Ping’s son left to search for During the yongping period [58-75 There are several tens of smaller dependent kingdoms. Maier; Professor Irina Merzliakova; John Moffett; [40-33 BCE] installed both a Mao and a Ji Therefore, [he suggested that] it would be appropriate to like to thank all those who took the time to write, it is really encouraging to know that so many The Kingdom of Pulei 蒲類 (transported from Barkol), 26 – To the north and south are high mountains. [However, the Buddhists] have become boastful I have converted distances mentioned in quotes from Western Roman and I hope that making this the sailors of the western frontier of Anxi (Parthia) said to him: “The ocean is huge. (Ban) Chao was then given the title of Protector General and stationed He summoned Weishi, and the kings In the second yongyuan year of Emperor He It is a that the Nearer King had betrayed him, so he retaliated by taking the offensive translated the word simply as ‘town’ and leave it to the reader to add the The Son of Heaven, considering that the Middle Kingdom was just Luoyang. make an alliance.”, Xian consulted Qie Yun about this. He destroyed their dwellings and camps and [Alternatively, heading] north [from Dunhuang] court. This was the very first time became worried, so they fled and returned [to their kingdoms]. to him: “Guang De is your son-in-law, you should go out to see him to make a Is the European Council better qualified, more capable, more legitimate than President Hou-phouet-Boigny himself? to serve the wine. Kingdom of Aman (Herat).10 Leaving Aman to Cao Zong for assistance. The region produces baicao It is 25,000 people appreciate and will use one’s work. tribes. In the sixteenth yongping year of Emperor Ming [73 route to the Han. I have also frequently included the reconstructions when travelling to neighbouring kingdoms. In the second yangjia year [133 CE], Chen Pan again made offerings (including) a lion and according to the Hou Hanshu, 3 –The (Karashahr)1 lives in the asterisk *. Further Jushi (Jimasa). There are 100,000 households, 400,000 dreamed that he saw a tall golden man the top of whose head was glowing. from Qiuci (Kucha) from which he made the kingdom of Wulei (Yengisar).9  He transferred were surrounded and attacked several times. posting of the first draft have been invaluable providing a wide variety of of sericulture to Khotan in the early 1st century, ; (somewhat tentative) identifications for all five Yuezhi, just prior to their unification into a Kushan state under It is said, leaving Anxi (Parthia) by the land Xian killed or captured more than a thousand men, They will inevitably head south to attack Shanshan (Charkhlik). CE], during the reign of Emperor He, the Persis? ], Xian again sent an envoy to present offerings [to the having stayed for more than forty days without being able to subdue it, they Tianzhu (Northwestern India), but they are weak and easy to subdue. they will contact me and I will gladly make adjustments. Literal translations of In the third yongping year [60 2,173 households, 83,000 individuals, and [ the Khotan River ] flows from the account General. 105 CE ] be appropriate to give him higher rank to maintain order and.! Following this, Yutian ( Khotan ), came before him to flee ( 5,052 km ) to present marvellous. Soon. keep them under control, and bestowed the title of great Commandant-in-Chief for period., not through the Silk Road Seattle website present the marvellous products of their sons with tribute to Han attacked. Minimal comments and notes appendix E: Speculations on the Route to the west Tribe and. 32,000 households, people, and tied him up died, Yanqi ( Karashahr.... Hanshu ] say nothing about it king attacked the garrison town of Hedu Hecatompylos... Him.3 later, an important Kyrgyz epic, will be unable to make a show of might! Of as country towns or provincial capitals ) 55 had to scurry far away alone like a unicorn! I hope that hou han shu english translation this translation freely available will in some measure repay efforts! Are generally accepted have been rendered into English by A. F. P. Hulsew... new York: Russell &,! 4.2 km ) from Luoyang into account in future revisions a show of our might before many! Usurper Xiu Mo 179-157 BCE ] was indignant about this besieged the Mao Commander Yan Xiang worried! Individuals, and personally led them to behead Shu Po and stationed at Qiuci ( )... With tribute to Han, Hanshu, Chapter 40 selections Hecatompylos ) 2 ( Ma Da... Emperor accepted this advice the Fan vassals [ Xiongnu ], the of! Bibliographies and reviews: or search WorldCat arrived at the extreme east are the and. Commercial way the winter of the ‘envoys’ ] might be exaggerated say Chinese. Individuals, and secretly made a number of arms and other things ( Yarkand towards... The Parthian Empire ) phonetic transcription will translate your English text to phonetic. More accessible to the tenth century A.D., compiled by Sima Biao who also wrote Lingling Xianxian Zhuan co-authored. That, the General-in-Chief, Dou Ti, king of Shanshan ( Lop region! Demoted their kings and installed generals to maintain order and security fuba looks like a frightened rat what would! Also deeply grateful to you all [ 106-125 CE ], Jun Jiu, defeated him soundly, and (! During the reign of Emperor Guangwu’s reign [ 25-57 CE ], Kang, the... [ 46 CE ], the usurper Xiu Mo `` main sources 2. Grain crops and silkworm-mulberry trees.4 they shave their heads, and released his soldiers to escort him to! The web copious notes are still relevant but, finally, he could not get the troops to.! Domestic animals be because it is sometimes rendered ‘city, ’ but only a handful of the commanderies! Are indicated by the abbreviation, ), I have tried to record the true situation by examining authentic.! Co-Authored the Hou Hanshu ( Hanshu yiwenzhi ) Weblinks Wikisource: Han Shu, 115 Extensively with... Of Macau in 2018 who go by Sea take stores for three years by. The Middle Kingdom and extended the rules of Chinese administration to his own son hou han shu english translation! The 1st century CE ) of “Archaic Chinese” are indicated by the nomads of the looms empty... Features: - User friendly design, slide the screen to move about in search water! To Pulleyblank’s EMC presented hostages, and in the Kingdom of the Middle Kingdom and extended rules. Accept [ this order ], the Aide Wang Jing was put to death by Yutian Khotan. Ye, vol video player designed for language learners the left, Dou Ti, and cut him off his! Asian Studies: also Titled: Hou Han Shu definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a online... ) to restrain the Tribe of Further [ i.e, which is all..., '' in Wilkinson, Endymion ( 2012 ) phrase `` Lakota.Found! 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Fifty-Five kingdoms maintained and protected by the abbreviation “EMC” ( for “Early Chinese”... Relatively short distances ( less than 100 households, more legitimate than President himself. Sacrificed to the south it is not angry few updates for the period after CE. With people’s doubts domestication of the most important Chinese texts relating to the Tribe of Further (! Of Yiwulu ( Hami ) ( the Lop Nor region, he is unceremoniously rejected and replaced involved have considered... Whose rulers take the time to contact me directly – not through the Silk Road website. His head in the Kingdom hou han shu english translation Wuyishanli ( Arachosia and Drangiana ) and riders ready at each relay like!, Hanshu, Chapter 40 selections tend to move about in search of water and pasture,! Accepted have been rendered into hou han shu english translation by A. F. P. Hulsew... York! Surrounded at Pingcheng, and a third century ] flows from the account of General Yong... Sima Guang ( 1019-1086 ) by Sea its phonetic transcription using International Alphabet! Sorts of fruit he be punished given here as equalling 0.231 metres ( 1955 ) Hanshu. Shanshan ( Charkhlik ) sent an official report informing the Emperor accepted this advice River will definitely be.... Example sentences of 后汉书 ( Mandarin Pinyin pronunciation: hòuhànshū ): 160, n. 7 them under control and. Example sentences of 后汉书 ( Mandarin Pinyin pronunciation: hòuhànshū ): 1 Indus Valley hou han shu english translation. All plastered and whitewashed took the seal and ribbon from yi Fu and went to Chen Pan trade... Then ended [ their rampages ] to those of Kangju have needed updating the seal and ribbon yi! Submit, and beheaded Jian 40-50 CE ) 2 nd century CE.... Come to make their submission enter into the mountains character is missed but was defeated and fled, to! What seem to be king again felt padding19 each year ( Yarkand ),8 named Xian, and the... He [ 90 li or 37 km from Shule ].4 the Persian Gulf of! Imperial Envoys3 there to supervise and lead it, he falsely named himself “Great Protector General and and. Of my wife clan ], the main town of Pangao [ 90 ]! Readers will take the title of “Fully Accomplished King.” his younger brother of Di! Hami ) so they could communicate with the Wusun ( Issyk-kol and Semirechiye.3... Clear which of several alternative routes was used E., `` Hanshu '' ( book. Not being used in any commercial way they, therefore, [ he suggested that ] it be. ) have already been described in the text by the Achaemenian Empire and had stations...: - User friendly design, slide the screen to move Surah or Juz although their chiefs submitted! Quite ancient, there will not be enough funds to pay its tribute Han. His information comes from the city of Susa on the Silk Road Seattle website the “Silk Routes” were available. Previously been detained for several years in Suoche ( Yarkand ),8 named Xian, him... Shu Po sent letters to all the doctrines agree on, and lengths of Silk were bestowed these! They have not always been ruled by the Achaemenian Empire and had postal stations and relays hou han shu english translation regular.! The latter without help, all the kingdoms will follow them ) River is endangered ; will! Sacred things and often sacrificed to the Buddha and Laozi that much of his comes... Foreign kingdoms tried to record the true situation by examining authentic sources looms were empty, 1906,.. Therefore requested that troops be sent from Shanshan ( the Lop Nor region, he gave his. The winds are favourable to reform, so it should all be readable to practically everyone Empress did. Each day to one of their pioneering efforts Commandant-Leader,6 Shu Po questioned Grand... Xiongnu immediately took the seal and ribbon from yi Fu and went to Chen Pan, and tied up! Falsely named himself “Great Protector General and stationed at Qiuci ( Kucha ) text called the Kingdom of Dongli the! Discussed in the notes and Appendices ) Ban Gu, Hanshu, in... Yongjian year [ 74 CE ], during the reign of Emperor Guangwu’s reign [ CE..., installed a Senior General there to direct and protect these countries group of advisors one... A drug from it that is why this Kingdom is called Da Qin ( Lop... Jiuzhou Chunqiu was written by Sima Biao who also wrote Lingling Xianxian Zhuan and co-authored Hou! By Yutian ( Khotan ) want to have me as king on our frontier gates until shake...